Partnerships for Zero-Waste Industrial Activities (PAZEWAIA) – Romania


Currently Romania recycles less than 6% of waste generated, nota bene, in the conditions that Romanians generate only a fraction of the waste generated in EU.

When mining waste is considered, the figures per capita above are approx. 10 times higher. These levels are very far from the EU levels that amounts to approx. 3 billion tons of waste generated each year (approx. 6000 kg per capita!) and will increase with 45% as compared to 1995 levels. As for the recycled / recovered waste, the following table refers to packaging waste, the only one category worth mentioning for recycling and re-use.  It  is  important  to  underline  that important  quantities  of  waste  are  exported  because  of  lack  of  process ing  facilities  in Romania. This applies especially to complex waste as WEEE,  hazardous,  medical.  Thus, Romanian waste sustains jobs and economic activities abroad instead of contributing to the domestic economics.  It  is  the  Project  aim  to  find  local  solutions  and  create  local  jobs  for processing / recycling / reusing waste locally. Table 2. Waste recycled in Romania (tons, 2010) (ANPM, 2012)

For  the  Suceava  County  in  the  Romanian  Focal  Zone,  the  figures  related  to  levels  of recovery and recycling are even lower, as shown in the following Table, calling for robust, decisive actions to change the course of things. Even  biomass  (wood),  a  representative  resource  of  the  Focal  Zone  is  poorly  recycled. Important quantities of wooden waste and sawdust are polluting rivers and roads in the area.

Project Objective

Establish an industrial ecosystem in local communities where technologies to be aligned to Best Available Technologies and unused or residual resources of one company are used by another, resulting in mutual economic, social and environmental benefits both for the companies and the community.

Spesific Goals

  1. Assessing the  Inventory  of  wastes  and  any  other  resources  available  in  the  Focal Zones that can be reinserted in the economic cycle.
  2. Generating, together with managers, options for Cleaner Production, reducing, in this way, the amount of waste that should be cared for;
  3. Generating symbiotic business partnerships in the Focal Zone  (Norwegian Business partnerships  with  Romanian  Companies,  very  encouraged),  for  adding  value  to  available resources  (wastes,  production  capacities,  laboratories,  experts,  transport  facilities,  training capabilities, workshops not used, etc.) and for reducing the need of virgin resources, fossil fuels and the environmental footprint of economic activities in the Focal Zones.
  4. Establish use  of  an  internet  based  tool  for  increased  local  resources  Norwegian Partner expected to insert data from Norwegian Companies
  5. Increase territorial cohesion in Focal Zones and collaboration with Norwegian partners and experts in all perspectives of sustainability by transfer of scientific, technical, economic, environmental know-how

Project Output

  1. The Project will generate an assessment procedure that will categorize potential symbiotic partnerships along technical and environmental criteria. Partnerships having the highest or innovative technical profile and least environmental impact will be encouraged. It is expected that 100+ companies in the Focal Zone will be assessed.
  2. A number of 30 Industrial Symbiosis partnerships will be created, stimulating local initiative and innovative approaches, but also Romanian-Norwegian cooperation. The Project will attract experts from industry, universities, research institutes and business/local authorities to solve difficult Cleaner Production or symbiotic problems. In may instances, the effective implementation of a given symbiotic link will require the expertize of academic and R&D representatives. Their  input  will  be  essential  to  the  success  of  the  partnership  since they will identify and test the best solution for a symbiotic  collaboration, they will make some symbiotic  partnerships  possible  (by  suggesting  practical  technical  solutions),  they  will contribute  to  innovative  approaches  that  clearly  differentiates  the  present  project  from  a brokerage activity.
  3. Focusing on local potential for economic activities, especially tourism. Number of  projects  supporting the  development  of  permanent  joint  services  in  the  area  of  The  best  example  is  the  use  of  renewables  (e.g. biomass waste)  in  domestic  heating  for touristic  facilities.  This  will  dramatically  reduce  the  energy  bill  of  tourism  investors,  will improve  sensibly  the  quality  of  environment  and  will  add  to  the  sustainability  of  their business.  As  the  touristic  potential  of  the  Focal  Zone  is  huge  and  has  a  long  confirmed tradition,  the  Project  will  make  a  priority  for  generating  symbiotic  partnerships  with  tourist service providers and will encourage Norwegian involvement.
  4. Establishing use  of  internet  based  tool  to  industrial  organizations  in  Romania and elsewhere providing information, advice and exchange function for their unused resources and    The application will collect  information  about  resources  available  at  enterprise level, will suggest ways for reducing waste generation via Cleaner Production approach and will generate a number of potential symbiotic partnerships with organizations that may use and add value to the available resource or waste. It is expected that 100+ companies in the Focal Zone will be included and use the application. During the Project, access to information will be for free. After the Project, the Team will suggest ways to sustain the momentum and keep the internet tool operational, in exchange of a minimal contribution of end-users or by using sponsorships or Government aid.

Lead partner: Ecological Group for Cooperation – GEC Bucovina

Focal zone: 6 Counties in the North West Region of Romania: Suceava, Botosani, Iasi, Neamt, Maramures and Bistrita-Nasaud Counties

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